Ultrasound accuracy in dating pregnancy
The accuracy of the ultrasound estimate of the gestational age varies according to the gestational age.
"Ultrasound measurement of the embryo or fetus in the first trimester (up to and including 13 6/7 weeks of gestation) is the most accurate method to establish or confirm gestational age" .
Berghella V, et al., Does transvaginal sonographic measurement of cervical length before 14 weeks predict preterm delivery in high-risk pregnancies? Number 4, May 1999 (replaces educational bulletin Number 147, October 1990). Number 9, October 1999 (replaces Technical Bulletin Number 188, January 1994). The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada recommends the earliest ultrasound with a crown rump length equivalent to at least 7 weeks (or 10 mm) should be used to determine the gestational age . The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that ultrasound-established dates should take preference over menstrual dates when the discrepancy between ultrasound dating and LMP is "Because of the risk of redating a small fetus that may be growth restricted, management decisions based on third-trimester ultrasonography alone are especially problematic; they need to be guided by careful consideration of the entire clinical picture and may require closer surveillance, including repeat ultrasonography to ensure appropriate interval growth." . Birth weight from pregnancies dated by ultrasonography in a multicultural British population.