During the Second World War, this growth continued as IBM, which was founded in Greater Binghamton, began emerging as a global leader in technology.IBM's presence, coupled with Greater Binghamton being the birthplace of the Link flight simulator, led to an unusually large concentration of engineers living in the area.Binghamton was first incorporated in 1834 as a village of the Town of Binghamton. Abel Bennett, who was elected as secretary on January 30, 1845 of the Pennsylvania Coal Company, was the city's first mayor.His extensive property on the city's west side is known as the Abel Bennett Tract.Today, Greater Binghamton is home to Binghamton University, a driving force in the community as an academic, athletic, and arts center, along with a continued concentration of high-tech firms, including Lockheed Martin, IBM, BAE Systems, and Rockwell Collins.The city was named after William Bingham, a wealthy Philadelphian who bought the surrounding land in 1792.This article is about the city of Binghamton, New York.
Early on, Binghamton had been the second-largest manufacturer of cigars in the United States.
This facility is currently being developed as a clinical campus for Upstate Medical University.
Originally an agricultural market town, the construction of the Erie Railroad (now Norfolk Southern) in the 1840s made Binghamton the commercial and then the manufacturing hub of the Southern Tier of New York and the adjacent counties in Pennsylvania.
Before that, the first known people of European descent to come to the area were the troops of the Sullivan Expedition in 1779, during the American Revolutionary War.
The community was first settled around 1802 at the junction of the Susquehanna and Chenango rivers and was known as Chenango Point.
Other major manufacturers included Ansco and General Electric.