In addition to infection, several of the individuals found at the shelter had fused vertebrae in their necks, indicating traumatic injury; the adult female found at the shelter had survived for some time with a skull fracture.
As these injuries would be life-threatening even today, this suggests that Cro-Magnons relied on community support and took care of each other's injuries. As the original material was lost during World War II, in the 1990s, new excavations were conducted.
Numerous tools were with the skeleton as grave goods.
Genetic analysis of mt DNA yielded the haplogroup H, the most common group in Europe.
The Peștera Muierilor (Women's Cave) find is a single, fairly complete cranium of a woman with rugged facial traits and otherwise modern skull features, found in a lower gallery of "The Women's Cave" in Romania, among numerous cave bear remains.
Radiocarbon dating yielded an age of 30,150 ± 800 years, making it one of the oldest Cro-Magnon finds. Compared to Neanderthals, the skeletons showed the same high forehead, upright posture and slender (gracile) skeleton as modern humans.
The oldest definitely dated EEMH specimen is the Grotta del Cavallo tooth dated in 2011 to at least 43,000 years old.
The term "Cro-Magnon" soon came to be used in a general sense to describe the oldest modern people in Europe.In 2011, the fossil was tested and redated to at least 41,500 years old and confirmed to be Cro-Magnon, making it the earliest anatomically modern human (AMH) fossil yet discovered in northwestern Europe.The oldest Cro-Magnon remains from southeastern Europe are the finds from Peștera cu Oase (the bones cave) near the Iron Gates in Romania.A fossil site at Předmostí is located near Přerov in the Moravian region of what is today the Czech Republic. The Předmostí site appear to have been a living area with associated burial ground with some 20 burials, including 15 complete human interments, and portions of five others, representing either disturbed or secondary burials.Cannibalism has been suggested to explain the apparent subsequent disturbance, though it is not widely accepted. Many of the bones are heavily charred, indicating they were cooked.If Cro-Magnons buried their dead intentionally, it suggests they had a knowledge of ritual, by burying their dead with necklaces and tools, or an idea of disease and that the bodies needed to be contained.