Ghana’s first Olympic participation was as the Gold Coast at the 1952 Summer Games in Helsinki.
That was also the year the country’s Olympic committee was formed and recognized.
The most outstanding are the National Cultural Centre, based in Kumasi, and the Arts Council of Ghana, based in Accra, with branches throughout the country.
The National Cultural Centre is primarily concerned with the cultural heritage of the Asante, while the Arts Council is concerned with the preservation of indigenous Ghanaian culture in all of its forms and with its development and improvement in light of contemporary local and world trends.
Indigenous art is in keen competition with various art forms of foreign origin, especially in those areas in which the end product is intended for practical household or personal use, such as pottery, carving, gold- and silversmithing, and weaving.
Consequently, only the unique and most indispensable of these forms have managed to survive without special public support or patronage.
The forts and castles were collectively designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979.
The men’s national team, the Black Stars, has won several African championships.
Ghanaian boxer Clement (“Ike”) Quartey became the first black African to win an Olympic medal when he took a silver in the lightweight division at the 1960 Games in Rome.
As elsewhere in Africa, the climate of Ghana varied during the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2,600,000 to 11,700 years ago).
With greater precipitation, the forest spread northward and humans retreated toward the Sahara; when precipitation diminished, they occupied even the present forest.
Apart from some pebble tools from high river terraces, the first industry is Late Chellean in the southeast.
Ghanaian works have attracted world attention in the fields of popular music, painting, sculpture, and film production.