Much progress revising Egyptian chronology has come from comparisons with other ancient cultures.
The new study brings radiocarbon dating to the table.
“The formation of Egypt was unique in the ancient world.
It was a territorial state; a state from which the moment it formed had established borders over a territory in much the same way we think of nations today,” Dee explained.
The investigators did radiocarbon testing on a few freshly excavated seeds from the Gaza Strip but primarily tested museum samples.
“A lot of the stuff is not is [sic] particularly beautiful,” Dee said.
Though widely acknowledged as the oldest state that fits our modern concept of a unified nation, the actual age of the ancient nation of Egypt remains uncertain.
Radiocarbon dating of artifacts from Egypt’s Pre-dynastic period and First Dynasty, reported September 4th in the Proceedings of the Royal Society A by Michael Dee and colleagues, suggests Egypt is younger than previously thought.
Many bits of organic material carbon-dated in the latest study of Egypt’s First Dynasty originally came from these tombs.“Egypt was a state that emerged quickly—over that time one has immense social change.This is interesting when one compares it with other places.In Mesopotamia, for example, you have agriculture for several thousand years before you have anything like a state.”15 “The origins of Egypt began a millennium before the pyramids were built, which is why our understanding of how and why this powerful state developed is based solely on archaeological evidence,” Dee explained.“This new study provides new radiocarbon dating evidence that resets the chronology of the first dynastic rulers of Ancient Egypt and suggests Egypt formed far more rapidly than was previously thought.”16 This is a portion of a chart from the Digging up the Past website, reflecting the 3100 BC date currently considered standard by many Egyptologists (though not by those at Diggings).While this date is far more recent than those assigned by many earlier Egyptologists, it is still too far back in time to reflect biblical history.