Later American Impressionist painters included: the Pittsburgh artist Mary Cassatt (1844-1926); the Bostonian Childe Hassam (1859-1935) best known for his "flag paintings"; the Munich-trained portraitist William Merritt Chase (1849-1916); J.
Alden Weir (1852-1919) who excelled at landscape, still lifes and flower paintings; Theodore Robinson (1852-96), a close friend of Claude Monet; the Cincinnati artist John H Twachtman (1853-1902); Thomas Dewing (1851-1938) the interior and landscape painter, and follower of Aestheticism; and John Singer Sargent (1856-1925).
Aside from landscapes, American artists produced portraits and a range of subject or genre paintings.
John Singer Sargent was the greatest portraitist of the age, while Winslow Homer was one of the leading subject painters.
An independent America offered more opportunity to everyone, including artists.
Although photography (invented 1839) eventually replaced painting as a chronicler of events and experience, 19th century America relied on painters to record these things.
As the American art world expanded during the 19th century, so did its organizations.This is a short 20 step guide to the history of American art, including painting, sculpture, architecture and contemporary art forms, from Colonial times on.For early culture in the Americas, see: Pre-Columbian Art (1200 BCE-1535 CE).The latter encompassed the 'Federal Style' and Greek Revival designs.American architects of the period include Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), William Thornton (1759-1828), James Hoban (1762-1831), Charles Bulfinch (1763-1844) and Benjamin Latrobe (1764-1820).Other Hudson River artists include: Thomas Doughty (1793-1856), Asher Brown Durand (1796-1886), Robert Walter Weir (1803-1889), John William Casilear (1811-1893), Worthington Whittredge (1820-1910), Robert Duncanson (1821-1872), William Hart (1823-1894), David Johnson (1827-1908), Jervis Mc Entee (1828-1891), James Mc Dougal Hart (1828-1901), Thomas Hill (1829-1908), Hermann Ottomar Herzog (1831-1932), William Stanley Haseltine (1835-1900). Kensett (1816-72), Martin Johnson Heade (1819-1904), Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823-80), Jasper Francis Cropsey (1823-1900), William Trost Richards (1833-1905), Norton Bush (1834-94), Edmund Darch Lewis (1835-1910), Alfred T. Other painters of the American frontier include Frederic Remington (1861-1909) the most famous portrayer of the Cowboy West; the watercolourist Charles Russell (1864-1926); genre-painter William Sidney Mount (1807-68) noted for his rural scenes that appealed to city dwellers; Albert Pinkham Ryder (1847-1917) noted for his romantic but somber mythological scenes.