[....]One possible answer is that they were so few in number; another is that South America was somehow initially populated from directions other than north until Clovis appeared".
The fact that the Beringia land bridge was unviable 15,000 years ago make it unlikely that during the Ice Age man would have been able to walk or to sail from Asia to South America at this time.
The culture associated with the Dufuna boat dates back to 20,000 years ago.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 16 (Suppl): 150–1.
These faces are based on the skeletal remains dating back to 12,000BC. Researchers working on the prehistoric cultures of these ancient people note that they resemble the Black Variety of humanity, instead of contemporary Native Americans.
The Black Variety include the Blacks of Africa, Australia, and the South Pacific. Chatters, who found Naia's skeleton, told Smithsonian Magazine that: “The small number of early American specimens discovered so far have smaller and shorter faces and longer and narrower skulls than later Native Americans, more closely resembling the modern people of Africa, Australia, and the South Pacific.
He also established the American Center for Law & Justice, a major public interest law firm headquartered in Washington, D.
The archaeological evidence indicates that Paleo Americans settled South America before North America, and that these Americans did not belong to the Clovis culture. “Carbon-14 dates point to man in the Americas 32,000 years ago.” Nature 39-771.
The research of Neves indicated that the ancient Americans represent two populations, Paleo Americans who were phenotypically African, Australian or Melanesian and an Asiatic population that appears to have arrived in the Americas after 6000 BC. Klein (eds.), , (Tucson: University of Arizona Press,1989) p.111.
Archaeologist have reconstructed the faces of ancient Americans from Brazil and Mexico.
The contribution of the morphology of early South and Northamerican skeletal remains to the understanding of the peopling of the Americas.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 26(Suppl): 169.
Robertson was instrumental in building a number of organizations committed to promoting conservative Christian ideals.